The Plastics Centre in Leipzig makes its mark in research with its expertise, creativity and a wide range of technologies.
With over 50 years’ experience of plastics technology, Kunststoff-Zentrum in Leipzig gGmbH (Plastics Centre) develops innovative processing solutions for this widely used material. The success of its research projects with companies from industry is made possible by its scientific knowledge and technical skills. Technologically, the Plastics Centre is excellently equipped with hypermodern laboratories and a high manufacturing depth in all areas. The tooling department has been recently supplemented with a die-sinking EDM machine from Mitsubishi Electric as an extension to its range of machining methods.
“Plastics can be found in all areas of modern life. Today, they enjoy the status of high-tech materials whose development and processing are spurred on by innovation,” says Jörg Michaelis, explaining what his work is all about. As the head of Tooling and Joining Techniques, he is responsible at the Plastics Centre in Leipzig for research projects that bring forth just such innovation. “In this context, we see ourselves as problem-solvers for industry.” The Plastics Centre works on solutions facilitating the cost-effective realisation of new applications in plastics processing.
The Plastics Centre is broken down into four departments. Along with the areas that Michaelis is responsible for, Tooling and Joining Techniques, there are Processing and Testing. 40 scientific and 20 technical employees work hand in glove in meeting the needs of clients from industry. “We go in for research cooperation and work very closely with the companies that come to us for advice,” says Michaelis, outlining the Plastics Centre philosophy. He also stresses the win-win situation for everyone concerned: “In
these projects, we have the very latest technologies and laboratories at our disposal so that we can perform all of our tasks flexibly and without outside assistance.” Along with funding from the German Ministries of Industry & Technology and Education & Research and Saxony’s Reconstruction Bank (SAB), the projects, he claims, are a cornerstone of the non-profit organisation’s business success. “60 per cent of our costs are covered by the ministries and the SAB, and the rest comes from projects from industry and from training courses,” says Michaelis, explaining how the Plastics Centre obtains its income.
The customers of the Plastics Centre also benefit from the wealth of experience gradually accumulated since its founding in 1960. After reunification, the then “Central Laboratory for Plastics Processing” ventured into the uncharted territory of the free market economy, says Michaelis looking back. “So that we could operate as a non-profit ‘GmbH’, we needed a supporting body.” This when they managed to attract such big names as Arburg GmbH & Co. KG and Bayer MaterialScience AG. The supporting body today has 84 members. Over the years, the focuses of the Plastics Centre’s work have gradually taken definite shape. “Our core competences are polyurethane processing, joining techniques and particularly ultrasonic welding, and injection moulding with a focus on micro-injection moulding.”
Micro-injection moulding is a good example of the Plastics Centre’s engineering expertise. In this process, tiny parts in the milligram range are produced. Fine structures measuring micrometres are generated in this process. “When shot weights of less than 200 mg are injected for the production of micro-parts, conventional machines with a screw-type plunger run up against their limits,” Michaelis explains. For this purpose, the Plastics Centre has developed a micro-injection moulding machine with plunger premelting and plunger injection. The engineer refers in this connection to the importance of the centre’s clients: “As researchers, we’re not a in a position to establish new products on the market because we lack the necessary service structures, among other things.” In this particular case, a company called Desma Tec markets the machine under the name of ‘formica Plast’.
To efficiently handle 25 to 30 research projects per year, a high degree of flexibility is called for. And this is one good reason why the Plastics Centre aims for a high manufacturing depth in all areas. “It is simpler for us to handle complex tasks ourselves than to farm out work of this kind to subcontractors who don’t have the same in-depth knowledge of the project as we do,” says Michaelis, explaining this policy. A toolmaker by training, he turns to the centre’s own toolmaking activities: “Even if we don’t earn money directly with this department, it is still an essential means to an end.” Along with milling and turning machines, the machine park has also been home to a die-sinking EDM machine from Mitsubishi Electric since 2010. In the metalworking sector, the new machine offers the Plastics Centre “entirely new possibilities”, as Michaelis puts it, compared to an older machine.
The EA12-V Advance was ultimately chosen for a number of different reasons, Michaelis recalls: “It was the combination of good advice given to us by the distributor R+H Erodier-Technik and the technical features of the sinker EDM machine.” In the end, the machine’s excellent price/performance ratio tipped the scales in its favour. The compact model from Mitsubishi Electric is the perfect addition to the Plastic Centre’s tooling department and offers a huge diversity of machining options. While the electrodes and workpieces for micro-injection moulding are relatively small, the EA12-V Advance is also capable of processing larger parts weighing up to 700 kilos. The machining range on the X, Y and Z axes is sufficiently large at 400 x 300 x 300 mm. The maximum electrode weight is 50 kg.
“Even if we don’t have to achieve the same rate of productivity as job shops, the machine’s process security nevertheless enables us to stay sufficiently flexible.” The hotline is a big help if required, he says, and Michaelis views the future with confidence. He’s equally optimistic about the machine’s operating comfort: “The user-friendly control and touchscreen enable staff to familiarise themselves quickly.” This is an important factor, as Michaelis would like to have two operators available for each technology.
“Workpiece precision can be measured in thousandths, and the complexity is very high as a rule.”
There are plans to expand the various technologies at the Plastics Centre. After the encouraging experience with Mitsubishi Electric, Michaelis is now also considering branching out into wire EDM: “With this process,
we would again have an extra range of options for our tasks – tasks that at present are either impossible or can only be mastered in a roundabout way.” Research at the Plastics Centre in the quest for practical solutions means solving problems with creativity and passion. “In those areas where we really excel, we want to stay ahead with intelligent solutions. After all, innovation is our motivation and that’s how things should stay.”
Name and place of company:
Kunststoff-Zentrum in Leipzig gGmbH,
Dr. Peter Bloss
Number of employees:
Research and development in plastics technology with focuses on polyurethane processing, joining techniques and micro-injection moulding
in Leipzig gGmbH
Tel +49 . 341 . 4941 500
Fax +49 . 341 . 4941 555
info @ kuz-leipzig.de
Kunststoff-Zentrum in Leipzig gGmbH
Fields marked with a * are mandatory.
Mitsubishi Electric Europe B.V.
D - 40882 Ratingen
Tel.: +49 (0)2102 / 486 - 6120
Tel.: +49 (0)2102 / 486 - 7600
Tel.: +49 (0)2102 / 486 - 7700
Tel.: +49 (0)2102 / 486 - 7500